In the United States, Canada, the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, hiking means walking outdoors on a trail or on the road, for recreational purposes. A day of walking refers to a walk that can be completed in one day.
A prime example of an interest in trekking in the United States, is abel Crawford and his son Ethan Clean in 1819. a trail to the top of Mount Washington, New Hampshire This 8.5-mile trail is the most popular hiking trail used continuously The United States. The influence of British and European Romanticism came to North America by the Spiritualist movement, and both Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) and Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) were important influences on the open air movement. North America .
The equipment required for hiking depends on the length of the hike, but day hikers generally carry at least water, food, a map and rain-proof equipment. Hikers often wear sturdy mountain boots for walking and hiking on the mountain, as protection against uneven terrain, and offer greater stability. Club Mountaineers recommends a list of “Die Essentials” computers for hiking, including a compass, trekking pole, sunglasses, sunscreen, a flashlight, a first aid kit, a fire initiator and knife
Natural environments are often fragile and can be accidentally damaged, especially when it comes to a large number of hikers. For example, years of timber harvesting can strip an alpine area of valuable nutrients and can cause deforestation. and some species, such as marten or bighorn sheep, are very sensitive to the presence of humans, especially during the mating season.
Human waste is often a major source of environmental impacts due to hiking, and can contaminate the watershed and knock down other hikers. 10 to 25 cm deep “nozzles” are recommended, based on local soil composition and covered after use, at least 60 m (200 ft) from water sources and trails to reduce the risk of bacterial contamination .